How to sculpt crab legs and pincers

Another little tutorial for my Tyranids, this time we will concentrate on How to sculpt crab legs and pincers that can be very valuable for different projects, from crustaceans to insect segmented legs or just a nasty chaos mutation.

Step 1: Things I need

  • Modeling putty (green stuff)
  • Water
  • Hobby knife (cutter)
  • Pin vice
  • Clay shaper brush
  • Sculpting tool
  • Paper clips
  • Toothpick
  • Flat surface

Photo: How to sculpt crab legs and pincers - Tutorial

Step 2: Structure

Photo: How to sculpt crab legs and pincers - Tutorial

For starting with a strong internal structure I opened a paper clip and bended it to the desired shape.

Mixed a bit of green stuff and apply it directly on to the wire, with no precautions concerning smooth or clean green stuff surface, since it is just a skeleton sketch of the final crab leg.

Step 3: Smooth shapes

After green stuff is cured its time to start building the final shape, so I mix a bit of the paste and apply it to the structure. It’s better to work on one side of the structure and let it dry before going for the other half, so we start with the left side of the crab leg.

Photo: How to sculpt crab legs and pincers - Tutorial

Use the clay shaper brush dipped in water and start smoothing the edges of the green stuff, take your time here and use always lots of water.

Photo: How to sculpt crab legs and pincers - Tutorial

So, when left side is sculpted and smoothed let it dry and only then, go for the right side of the crab leg. You can sculpt the shape you wish just avoid it to be to uniform since it’s a crab leg irregular shapes work best. You should now have something like this.

Photo: How to sculpt crab legs and pincers - Tutorial

Step 4: Spikes and final contour

Photo: How to sculpt crab legs and pincers - Tutorial

And the fun begins, while the stress of waiting for curing times is growing on you we can use one of those endless curing breaks to sculpt some little spikes for our crab legs, do some random sizes and shapes. And for those that say crabs don’t have spikes on legs I say: Who cares it looks great. 😉

I hope everyone knows how to sculpt spikes but for the more hesitant sculptors here is how I do them. Do one little ball of green stuff and put it on a flat surface, then dip fingers on water and start pressing green stuff against surface with vertical movements, just let it dry. Piece of cake.

Now, with all stuff cured, choose one cool spike and mix a ball of green stuff, to use its sticky properties, for “gluing” the spike to the leg.

Photo: How to sculpt crab legs and pincers - Tutorial

For better blending the spike to the crab leg lay a layer of green stuff over the junction

Photo: How to sculpt crab legs and pincers - Tutorial

Its time for the final claw spike and this time we will use the paper clip extremity for a stronger merge. First with a cutter do a cut on another spike and then use a pin vice to do a small hole in it. Mix a bit of green stuff and squeeze the spike against it passing the hole on to the paper clip. This should make a stronger bond, but before you finish you need to smooth the paste with clay shaper dipped in water.

Photo: How to sculpt crab legs and pincers - Tutorial

Step 5: Texture

With all shapes finished its time for texturing those legs. I started by putting some spikes on the legs, since you already sculpted several spikes just cut them to the desired size and use green stuff for gluing them to the leg. In this process I use mainly sculpting tool and toothpick dipped in water to sculpt the junction of spike to leg. You could also use pins but since the spikes are small there’s no need for that.

Photo: How to sculpt crab legs and pincers - Tutorial

Finally I will try to do those micro organisms and corals that usually we see on crustaceans. Simply cut several random sized small balls of green stuff and again with the help of a toothpick and sculpting tool stick them randomly on the crab leg, also try to shape the balls on the leg with interesting forms.

Photo: How to sculpt crab legs and pincers - Tutorial

Conclusion

Photo: How to sculpt crab legs and pincers - Tutorial

Well that’s it, you now can sculpt crab legs for your projects, if you noticed you can do different shapes on legs or even more segmented ones, funny thing I noticed is that the smaller legs look like scorpions tails’ hope you enjoyed it.

— Pedro Navarro

Ańa’s ogre thunderlord showcased by Games Workshop

Probably most of you know that the latest releases from Games Workshop were new Ogre Kingdoms miniatures. Games Workshop showcased some interesting Ogre Kingdoms miniatures on their website, including Golden Demon winning Ogre Thunderlord on Rhinox painted by Ańa.

Of course it was nice to see our painted miniatures showcased on one of the most popular miniature manufacturer’s website. Although almost four years passed since the model was painted, the paintjob still looks decent.

Thinking about it now, it must have been a serious effort and achievement for Ańa to paint that Ogre Thunderlord back then. It was a big model, serious modeling project, and a pretty advanced project for quite an inexperienced miniature painter that she was. Fortunately the effort was awarded with gold in Warhammer Monster category at Golden Demon Poland in 2007.

It was the first appearance of Ana’s works at Games Workshop website that we know of, excluding Golden Demon galleries. Needless to say, it must be cool to see your works showcased by such a big company.

Photo: Ańa's ogre showcased on Games Workshop website
Screenshot from Games Workshop website

Anyway, enough talking! Now feel free to see this miniature once again – we have more and bigger photos than what was shown by Games Workshop. And if you liked this miniature, you might like to see even more miniatures painted by Ańa in her gallery.

And now maybe some of you are interested in reading an article about making of this miniature? Maybe you would like to see it in our collection of tutorials? Just let us know and we can publish it if you want to read it (and see some work in progress pictures).

Hussar 2011 – the biggest miniature painting competition in Poland

It was only yesterday that we published our memories from the last year’s edition of Hussar miniature painting competition, and it wasn’t without purpose. Today we proudly announce the current edition of this biggest miniature painting competition in Poland!

Hussar 2011 announced

As you could read in the report from Hussar 2010, the last year’s Hussar was considered a great event by Polish miniature painters (and even one Portuguese painter to say the truth). People wanted to meet again at the next edition of this miniature painting competition, which became the main contest for miniature painters in Poland. And so it happened – another edition of Hussar will take place on October 22!

Husar 2011 - biggest miniature painting competition in Poland

Hussar 2011 will be organized by the Community Centre Rakowiec in Warsaw, and the person who made this event possible – Janusz “Jon” Rosłan said:

Dear Painters,

On behalf of myself, Chest of Colors and Warsaw Team I’d like to invite you to the second edition of the Polish painting competition Hussar. It will be the main event of the “Weekend with fantasy” held on 22 October 2011 in the Community Centre Rakowiec – 8 Wiślicka St., Warsaw, Poland. The main competition will be acccompanied by painting and scultping workshops and speed painting contest.

Your entries will be judged by:

  • Bogusz Stupnicki (Bohun),
  • Filip Marković (Nameless),
  • Przemysław Wałęga (Przemo).

Entries will be accepted between 10:00-13:00. Expected time for announcing results is 18:00. Entrance fee for the whole day (main contest and accompanying events) is 10 pln (~2.5€). After the official part of our event feel free to come to the after-party to be held in the café located with the same building.

Competition rules and other relevant information are available at the competition official website: http://www.hussar.eu, and on the Chest of Colors site and forum as well: http://chestofcolors.com.

I’d also like to use this opportunity to whole-heartedily thank all people helping me with this undertaking.

See you at “Hussar 2011”

Janusz Rosłan

At this point I would like to thank Janusz for the effort he put in giving us, miniature painting hobbyists, a competition and an event during which we can meet and enjoy our hobby together. Thank you!

Photo: Husar 2011 - biggest miniature painting competition in Poland
Hussar 2011 – Official promotional poster

Information about the competition

All the information about Hussar 2011 is available at the contest’s official website, which is hussar.eu. But for our readers’ convenience we collected the most important information and rules here.

As far as we know during the event there will be a speed painting contest (just like a year ago) and miniature painting and sculpting classes by some popular and recognized miniature painters in Poland, including our very own Ańa and our friends from the Warsaw Team, and sculpting will be taught by the author of the Hussar trophy.

Now let’s move on to the rules of the miniature painting competition:

Painting competition rules

I. General Rules

1. Submissions:

  1. Painter can submit his works in any number of categories, though no more than 1 entry in any category.
  2. Painters can submit their works only. Team works or submitting works on behalf of other painters will not be accepted.
  3. It is allowed to submit own sculpts and converted entries.
  4. All submissions need to be painted.
  5. Compatibility with gaming rules is not required. Compatibility with rulesets will not be judged.
  6. It is allowed to submit works comprising of models and products of different manufacturers. Models of different manufacturers may be combined to create a single submission.
  7. Works which already took gold/silver/bronze in other competitions will not be accepted.
  8. All entries are submitted at the submitter’s risk.
  9. By submitting an entry painter confirms approval of the rules and certifies that submitted entries are his/her.

2. Disqualifications:

  1. Submitting an entry breaching the rules will cause disqualification of all works of the painter.
  2. Submitting a team work or work of other painters will cause disqualification of all works of the painter and ban for all future editions of the competition.
  3. Disqualification can happen after the results announcement, if evidence is found.
  4. Disqualified painter is no longer entitled to any rewards received.
  5. Disqualification may cause changes of winners and awards.

3. Judging:

  1. Works shall be judged by jury members only.
  2. Entries shall be judged on modelling and painting merits, creativity, originality and overall effect.
  3. Proper workmanship is required from all honoured works. Coherency of used models and bases is required from all honoured works in Diorama category.
  4. The first judging phase will be selection of honoured works, which will be awarded with a finalist diploma.
  5. The second judging phase is a final, when 3 winning entries shall be selected. Winners will receive statues (gold, silver, bronze).
  6. The third judging stage is selection of the overall winner (“Best of Show”). This entry will be awarded with a diploma and statue.
  7. The additional award (“Junior” diploma) will be provided for the best work submitted by a painter born in 1995 or younger.
  8. Judges’ decisions are definite, the only possible exception are changes caused by a disqualification.
  9. Prizes may be provided by the organiser for winners and honoured painters.
  10. Prizes may also be provided for randomly selected competitors, which were not awarded by judges.

4. Categories:

  1. Painter shall declare which category a work is being cntered to.
  2. Judges are entitled to move any work to another category if they find it more appropriate.
  3. Judges are entitled to join different categories, if low number of submissions might cause poor competition level.
  4. If any painter has more than 1 entry in any category due to judges decision (check item I.4.2 and I.4.3 above), only 1 entry shall be subject to judging as per judges’ decision. All other works are shown in a category, but are effectively not taking part in the competition.

II. Categories

1. Single model – fantasy:

  1. This category is for fantasy models and historical models (before 1914).
  2. Submission shall be a single model on foot in 32mm scale or smaller, size comparable to human models.
  3. Model shall be based.
  4. Any base shape is allowed, its size should not be bigger than 10x10cm or diameter of 10cm.

2. Single model – SF:

  1. This category is for science-fiction models and historical (after 1914).
  2. Submission shall be a single model on foot in 32mm scale or smaller, size comparable to human models.
  3. Model shall be based.
  4. Any base shape is allowed, its size should not be bigger than 10x10cm or diameter of 10cm.

3. Large model:

  1. This category is for models in 54mm scale or bigger, size comparable to human models; war machines or vehicles including any crew.
  2. This category is also for big models in smaller scales, if their size is comparable to models described in item 1.
  3. Cavalry models, bikes etc. are also eligible for this category.
  4. Busts in comparable scale shall be entered in this category.
  5. Model shall be based.
  6. Bases are not required for war machines and vehicles, unless there is separate crew included (e.g. cannon and crew).
  7. Any base shape is allowed, its size should not be bigger than 20x20cm or diameter of 20cm, unless the model’s size requires a bigger base.

4. Diorama:

  1. Work shall consist of at least 1 model on a scenic base.
  2. This category is also for groups of models forming units.
  3. It is allowed to mix models with different type, size and equipment to form a group of models. It is also allowed to mix models on foot with cavalry, as well as models of different manufacturers. Units need to look coherent though.
  4. Size and shape of the scenic base are not limited anyhow.
  5. Story presented on a diorama, integration of models with other models and with a scene, as well as interaction between models shall be subject to judging.
  6. Units shall be placed on a base to make handling easier, no matter what formation they adapt.

III. Annex

Examples of entries legitimate for different categories:

Single model – fantasy:

  • Warhammer orcs
  • Confrontation dwarfs
  • Foundry pirates
  • Black Scorpion Miniatures cowboys.

Single model – SF:

  • Warhammer 40.000 space marines
  • Inifinity humans
  • Black Scorpion Miniatures US marines
  • Foundry Wehrmacht model.

Large model:

  • Warhammer 40.000 dreadnoughts
  • Warhammer trolls
  • Mantic Games cavalry
  • Dust Tactics mechas
  • Dragons
  • Historical models in 54mm scale or bigger.

Diorama:

  • Warhammer 40.000 space marines unit
  • Pirate band comprising models from different companies
  • Developed diorama with one model
  • Huge battle scene.

Additional information

Participants need to fill an entry form for every entry they want to enter into the competition. The form can be downloaded here but it will be available the the contest as well. But you can come with your forms already filled to speed up the judges’ work and to show how professional you are. 😉

Remember that the examples in the Annex are exactly that: examples. If you want to make sure which category will be the most suitable for your entry – just ask.

If you have any questions about the competition, check the official website first, but then most questions can be asked at our forum, because the judges and staff visit it quite frequently. The English thread about the contest is here, and if you prefer to read and write in Polish – here’s a thread in Polish. It’s better to ask than to regret misunderstanding something…

That’s it, folks. We hope to see even more participants than a year before, and hopefully – also more foreign participants. If you happen to be there – don’t be shy, come and say hi. You will see how welcoming the community of miniature painters can be.

See you at Hussar 2011!

Hussar 2010 report

Poland didn’t have luck for Golden Demons. After two editions Games Workshop decided to announce that there would be no more Golden Demon competitions in Poland. But as our national anthem says “Poland has not perished, so long as we live” – Polish hobbyists didn’t give up there and organized their own miniature painting competition!

Slayer of Daemon

The first replacement for the cancelled Golden Demon was Slayer of Daemon, held in Warsaw in 2009. The event turned out to be pretty successful despite lack of support from such a major force that Games Workshop is. But we, the hobbyists, wanted to make it even better, even more separated from its Golden Demon roots and even more Polish. To make it the biggest miniature painting competition in Poland.

This way the Hussar was born.

Hussar

The next edition of the competition wasn’t named Slayer of Daemon again, but something more related to Polish tradition was chosen for the name. Inspired brainstorming resulted in choosing Hussar for the name of the competition. Also a new trophy was designed and sculpted for the contest. It depicted a female warrior in plate armor, with hussar’s wings on her back. It was a nice change from the previous trophy depicting a dwarven slayer.

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Trophy

The first edition of Hussar took place on October 23rd, 2010 in Warsaw. The competition was a part of a larger fantasy-related event with some gaming, music concerts, painting classes and other attractions.

The competition

Despite the number of participants was lower than a year before, the overall quality of entries was much higher. This fact was noticed and confirmed by most people who came to see the miniatures entered in the contest. The big surprise and breakthrtough for us was seeing a foreign painter – Pandadosmares – who came to Warsaw from Portugal to enter the competition. It’s not common for a new competition to attract foreign participants, unless the rank of this event is as high as Golden Demon’s to justify the effort. This makes Pandadosmares’ visit even more surprising and hopefully inspiring for other painters who might come to Hussar in 2011.

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report

The categories were more relaxed than they areat Golden Demons. The idea was to depart from the concept of a competition tied to one manufacturer and limited to his products. We wanted Hussar to be more of an open miniature painting competition, and it seems we achieved our goal, as the contest and its rules inspired quite a few other Polish contests and their rules.

The winners

Enough talking about the categories! Here you can see the winning painted miniatures from the competition:

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Grand Prix
Grand Prix winning entry by Przemo
Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Best Junior
Best Junior award winning entry by Wojto

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Flameon - Gold in Sci-Fi Single Model category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Camelson - Silver in Sci-Fi Single Model category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Loler - Bronze in Sci-Fi Single Model category

 

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Maru - Honorable mention in Sci-Fi Single Model category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Przemo - Honorable mention in Sci-Fi Single Model category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by C'Tan - Honorable mention in Sci-Fi Single Model category

 

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Camelson - Gold in Fantasy Single Model category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Loler - Silver in Fantasy Single Model category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by REDAV - Bronze in Fantasy Single Model category

 

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by ... - Honorable mention in Fantasy Single Model category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Maru - Honorable mention in Fantasy Single Model category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by ... - Honorable mention in Fantasy Single Model category

 

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Przemo - Gold in Large Model category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Mr_Denial - Silver in Large Model category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by REDAV - Bronze in Large Model category

 

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by C'Tan - Honorable mention in Large Model category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Edwin Smoliński - Honorable mention in Large Model category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Loler - Honorable mention in Large Model category

 

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Przemo - Gold in Diorama / Unit category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Wojto - Silver in Diorama / Unit category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Pandadosmares - Bronze in Diorama / Unit category

 

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Camelson - Honorable mention in Diorama / Unit category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Rakso the Slayer - Honorable mention in Diorama / Unit category

Photo: Hussar 2010 entry by Ignis - Honorable mention in Diorama / Unit category

Judging and results

Judging was done in the same way as during Polish Golden Demons and Slayer of Daemon: First the judges made the first cut, with those entries that made it becoming finalists. Then every finalist was checked with great attention and winners were chosen.

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Judging

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Judging

Then the Grand Prix was given to one of the winners of all categories, and an additional Best Junior award was given to the author of the best entry chosen from all entries by painters younger than 16. It was different than at Golden Demons, where there is a separate category for youngbloods. There was no such category at Hussar, so the Best Junior still had to compete with other adult painters.

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Trophies

Just like in 2009, the first edition of Hussar was won by Przemo and his excellent diorama depicting kids facing a cyclops. The Best Junior award went to Wojto, who not only won that trophy, but also won silver in the Diorama/Unit category. So this young painter was not only better than other young painters, but also better than most adult painters in his category. He lost only to… Przemo, the winner of the Grand Prix. Of course he might not fare that well in a single model category, but in dioramas he came up second.

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Grand Prix Winner

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Winners Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Winners Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Winners

Other attractions

As I wrote already, the contest was not the only feature of the whole event. There was a nice and fun speed painting competition organized by Warsaw Team guys, who managed to give people something to do while the judges were examining miniatures entered into the contest.

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Speedpainting contest winners

There were also painting classes that used a camera and a large screen that allowed people to see everything in detail even if they didn’t manage to sit next to the people who ran the classes. Unfortunately there were some technical glitches and imperfections which reduced usefulness of the video presentation, but for the first attempt it was good already.

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Painting Classes

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Painting Classes

After the contest

After the awards ceremony we went to a bar nearby to spend a few hours talking, joking, and showing miniatures which weren’t entered in the competition. It was a fantastic chance to spend some time with our friends who share the same hobby. Pandadosmares remained with us and served fantastic tremoços – one of the memories which will always come to our mind when talking about the first Hussar. The afterparty was not big but very friendly.

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Afterparty

Photo: Hussar 2010 Report - Afterparty

When we returned home we were very happy to see that the general reception of the contest was so positive!
People congratulated the staff on good organization of the event, people thanked for the painting classes, commented on higher quality of entries (compared to 2009), liked the nice trophies, and wanted to see the event organized again in 2011.

So be it!

And the voice of the people was heard and Hussar 2011 will be organized. We will announce it very soon and you will be able to learn much more about it.
But if you happened to be present at Hussar 2010, why don’t you leave a comment below to encourage new people to come to Warsaw for the next edition of the biggest Polish miniature painting contest!